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If 从句


user2582    07/27     8654    
4.0/1 




If从句用法总结:
一)If +动词原形,...+动词原形.表达现在的真实情况或习惯
1)If I shop online ,I save time.
2)  If  the mall is closed,you can shop online.
二)If +动词原形..,..will/might/be going to +动词原形..表达将来或预期的真实情况
1)If we study hard,we will/might speak English very well.
2) If you fell lucky,you're going to expect good things.
三)If+过去时,  would(not)+动词原形...对现在的虚拟表达现在或将来的不真实存在
1)If he had more money now,he would take a trip around the world.(事实上他没有去旅游)
2)If I had a chance to change my life,I would become a younger lady.
3). If she were* rich ,she would live Shanghai .(事实上她没有住在上海)
4)  If I were you ,I would have a meal outside.(多用于提换位思考性建议)
** wish +过去式,表达想要,但不是真实的
       1)I wish I were a fish .
        2)I wish I could speak English very well.
四)If had +过去分词...,would have +过去分词。表达对过去的虚拟(有时表的对过去的后悔等)
1)If I had won a million dollars,I would have  traveled around the world,
       (我没有贏100万)
2)If I had studied English hard,I would have been able to communicate with                             
       foreigners.
3)  if I had been free ,I would have gone to the movies with you.
    (后悔没去看电影)
   **wish +had + 过去分词也表达后悔
    I wish I had  visited the famous museum!